In alphabetical order


Hedonic house pricing model

‘The price or value of the housing unit is determined by various attributes of the housing unit, for example, its location, size, or age. The hedonic model measures the implicit price of each attribute by a comprehensive function.’ (O'Sullivan, 2012, p.143)



Heritage is what makes a community what it is today and essentially is one generation’s inheritance from the past and its bequest to the future – each generation should act as custodian for the next. Heritage is usually associated with the past, history and the historic built environment together with traditional cultural and social aspects (“collective memory”, way of life) of a community, district, city, region or country.  (Legislative Council: POSITION PAPER ON HERITAGE CONSERVATION IN HONG KONG 2007)


Heritage preservation

A business strategy that involves ‘protecting and conserving buildings with historical and architectural value which will be put to community, public or other suitable uses’, ‘becoming functional parts of the community or tourist attractions’ and ‘sustaining local area characteristics’ (Urban Renewal Authority, 2012, p.2).


Heritage sites

Heritage sites are the immovable physical remains that were created during the history of humankind and that have significance; they include archaeological sites and ruins, tombs, traditional architecture, cave temples, stone carvings, sculpture, inscriptions, stele, and petroglyphs, modern and contemporary sites and architecture, and historically and culturally famous cities, towns and villages together with their original components. Cultural landscapes and heritage routes and canals are also deemed to be heritage sites.  (Principles for the Conservation of Heritage Sites in China (revised 2015) page 60)


Hierarchy of plans

A hierarchy of plans refers plans implemented at different geographical scales, ranging from global, national, regional, city, district to neighbourhood levels.


Home Ownership Scheme

A subsidized-sale housing programme managed by the Hong Kong Housing Authority. It was instituted in the late 1970s as part of the government policy for public housing with two aims - to encourage better-off tenants of rental flats to vacate those flats for re-allocation to families in greater housing need; and also to provide an opportunity for home ownership to families unable to afford to buy in the private sector. (Home Ownership Scheme, n.d.)


Hong Kong Planning Standard and Guidelines

‘The Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines (HKPSG) is a Government manual of criteria for determining the scale, location and site requirements of various land uses and facilities. This manual is applied in planning studies, preparation/revision of town plans and development control’ (Planning Department, 2018, p.1). For the full document, please refer to the reference (Planning Department, 2020).


Horizontal and vertical coordination

‘From a regional and rural development perspective, horizontal coordination can refer both coordination among actors operating at the same territorial scale and among sectors’. ‘“Vertical” coordination can in general be defined as the promotion of efficiency and resilience in multi-tiered systems’ (Gløersen & Michelet, 2014, p.3).


Housing affordability

‘The term ‘affordable housing’ describes housing that assists lower income households in obtaining and paying for appropriate housing without experiencing undue financial hardship (Milligan et al 2004, pi). A range of publicly or privately initiated forms of housing may meet this specification (Milligan et al 2007, p27). In fact, in recent years, the term ‘affordable housing’ has been used as an alternative to terms such as ‘public’, ‘social’ or ‘low cost’ housing (Gabriel et al 2005, p6). That said, in the Australian context, there is no single accepted definition of what constitutes affordable housing (Milligan et al 2004, pi). ‘ (Urban Research Centre, 2008, p.9)


Housing bubble

‘A housing bubble is a hike in housing prices fueled by demand, speculation and exuberance. Housing bubbles usually start with an increase in demand, in the face of limited supply, which takes a relatively extended period to replenish and increase. Speculators enter the market, further driving up demand. At some point, demand decreases or stagnates at the same time supply increases, resulting in a sharp drop in prices — and the bubble bursts.’ (Kenton, 2019)


Housing policy

‘The housing policy environment is the set of government interventions that have a critical and measurable effect on the performance of the housing sector.’ (Angel, 2000, p.11)


Housing Provident Fund

‘The Chinese government has designed the Housing Provident Fund to help middle and low-income workers meet their housing needs. When employers fail to contribute, workers are denied the funds they are due to help them with the rent, maintenance, or purchase of their home. For this reason, the FLA expects that affiliated companies sourcing from China require full payment of Housing Provident Fund contributions.’ (Fair Labour Association, 2015)


Housing Sector Policy-Sensitive Model

The model ‘provides a schematic of the relationships between the housing policy environment on the one hand, and housing market outcomes on the other. Both policies and outcomes exist in a broader economic, social, and political context, and relate to the key conditions affecting the housing market. The overall economic, social, and political context of the housing market affects housing market outcomes both directly and indirectly. The housing policy environment also affects housing market outcomes both directly and indirectly.’ (Angel, 2001, p.179-180)


Housing subsidy

‘Under the Housing Subsidy Policy, households who have been living in public rental housing or interim housing for 10 years or more are required to declare household income biennially.’ (Information Services Department, 2008)


Human circulation

‘The mobility, exchange and communication of human among differentiated spaces through horizontal and vertical circulation (corridors, lobbies, stairs, ramps, elevators, etc.)’ (Scruton & Gowans, n.d.).


Hybrid design
‘Hybrid Design is a strategy that incorporates elements and processes from diverse fields that are not always perceived as compatible in the design practice today’ (Hybrid Space Lab, n.d.).

Reference List

Angel, S. (2001). The Housing Policy Assessment and Its Application to Panama. Journal of Housing Economics, 10(2), p.176-209.

Fair Labour Association. (2015). Housing Provident Fund in China. Retrieved from

Gløersen, E. & Michelet, J. (2014). Experiences and Concepts on Vertical and Horizontal Coordination for Regional Development Policy. Département de Géographie et Environnement, Université de Genève.

Home Ownership Scheme. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved from

Hybrid Space Lab. (n.d.). Hybrid Design. Retrieved from

Information Services Department. (2008, June 4). LCQ14: The Housing Subsidy Policy[Press release]. Retrieved from

Kenton, W. (2019). Housing Bubble. In Investopedia. Retrieved from


O’Sullivan, A. (2012). Urban economics (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Planning Department (2018). HKPSG Chapter 1: Introduction. Retrieved from

Planning Department (2019). HKPSG Full Document. Retrieved from

Scruton, R. & Gowans, A. (n.d.). Architecture. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved July 06 2019 from

Urban Renewal Authority (URA) (2012). A Mission with 4Rs. Retrieved from

Urban Research Centre, University of Western Sydney. (2008). Housing affordability literature review and affordable housing program audit. Retrieved from